Description and characteristics of an early variety of knuckle tomato


If you like to experiment and are looking for new varieties of tomatoes for your site, in this case you will appreciate the early variety of Clusha tomatoes, the description and characteristics of which are presented below.

Description and characteristics of the Klusha tomato variety

Thanks to the work of Russian breeders, this wonderful tomato variety was obtained in 2006. The variety got its name due to its similarity with chicken, hiding chickens under her. This type belongs to the varieties of early ripening. All regions of Russia are suitable for growing.

The bush is low, grows from 40 to 60 cm. Leaves are dark green. During the flowering period, 7-8 inflorescences are formed, which subsequently practically all give an ovary. Due to the fact that the bush is compact, it can be grown on a windowsill or on a balcony. No garter or pinning required. The variety is fertile, with proper care you can get 2.5-3 kg of fruit from one bush. Fruits are not large, weighing from 100 to 200 grams, smooth round shape with slight ribbing. The color of the Klusha variety is red, and the Super Kluzha variety is pink. Superkluzhi's pink fruits are sweeter, Klusha's - with sourness, but still tasty. The fruit has six seed chambers.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of the Klusha tomato include:

  • high immunity to diseases;
  • abundant fruiting;
  • excellent taste data;
  • versatility applications (salads, canning);
  • good marketable condition;
  • does not require a garter and removal of processes;
  • good transportability.

To the disadvantages gardeners refer only to the presence of a large number of leaves.

Seed preparation

Seed preparation is carried out in several stages:

  1. selection of quality seeds by soaking in a saline solution;
  2. disinfection with 1% potassium permanganate solution;
  3. growth stimulant treatment;
  4. germination of seeds;
  5. hardening;
  6. warming up.

Soil preparation

The soil is recommended to be taken from the garden on which zucchini, parsley, and carrots previously grew.

Gardeners do not recommend using purchased soil, since after transplanting it will be difficult for seedlings to adapt to the garden.

Mix the land from the garden in equal proportions with sifted river sand and peat. You should not add ash, since this variety loves slightly acidic soil, although it feels comfortable with a neutral acidity level. Steam the finished mixture or pour with a strong manganese solution for the destruction of pest larvae. Seeds can be planted in the prepared soil.

Growing seedlings

The optimal time for planting seeds is at the end of March. Seeds are sown in plastic containers, deepening them by 1 cm. The distance between the seeds is 2.5 cm. After sowing, the soil is moistened, covered with glass and taken out into a warm, well-lit room. When the first shoots appear, the glass is removed, the soil is moistened with a spray bottle.

For seedlings of this variety, it is not necessary to arrange additional lighting. Seedlings of this variety tolerate a lack of light well, which is important when growing tomatoes on a windowsill.

If the seedlings have two leaves, the seedlings must be transplanted into separate containers. It is necessary to transplant plants very carefully, with a clod of earth from the previous place of growth, so as not to damage the not yet matured root system. A week after transplanting, it is recommended to apply top dressing. To do this, you can use fermented chicken droppings or mullein.

Plants are planted in open ground with 3-4 leaves. The seedlings are 55-60 days old by this time. Before planting, the seedlings must be hardened. To do this, reduce the temperature in the room to 18 degrees, or put the plants on the balcony.

Transplanting seedlings into open ground and subsequent care

Seedlings are transplanted into greenhouses on May 12-15. By this time, the height of the seedlings should be 20-25 cm. On open beds, seedlings are planted in late May or early June. The soil in the garden must be watered with a strong manganese solution for disinfection. For 1 sq. meter planted 6 bushes. Pour ½ bucket of warm water into each hole before planting. The plants should not be deeply buried, since the bushes do not grow tall, and the ovaries in this case will touch the ground. Water the tomatoes as the soil dries.

Watering at the root, early in the morning or in the evening. During the daytime, when watering, the plant can get burned. It is impossible to spray moisture on the leaves, since in this case there is a high probability of fungus occurrence.

Another important condition for better plant growth is weeding and loosening the soil. Loosening must be done after each watering, so that the root system receives more oxygen. Timely removal of weeds will also have a beneficial effect on plant growth. Weeds shade seedlings and draw nutrients from the soil.

The first feeding must be done two weeks after transplanting. For this purpose, it is better to use a nitroammophos fertilizer. Add fertilizer to 10 liters of water. For subsequent dressings, it is better to use complex mineral fertilizers.

Seed collection

It is necessary to choose ripe fruits without damage. Cut into slices, pick out the seeds with a spoon along with the juice and place them in a glass jar for fermentation. The juice should cover the seeds. Cover the jar from above, but not tightly so that oxygen is available.

The seeds are fermented within 24 hours. The procedure is considered complete if the seeds have sunk to the bottom, and the juice has brightened significantly. We drain the juice from the jar, rinse the seeds well, pour them onto a paper towel to dry. The drying procedure takes a week... Collect dry seeds in a paper envelope or rag bag. Store in a dark and dry place.

Diseases and pests

The plants of this variety have a fairly high immunity to diseases. But, in case of violation of the growing conditions, this variety can be affected:

  1. Gray rot... For prevention purposes, ash must be added to the soil;
  2. Late blight.In case of damage to the bush, treatment with phytosporin is recommended;
  3. Top rot... Soil processing with a concentrated solution of 0.4% potassium chloride;
  4. Streptoriasis... Spraying bushes with copper sulfate.

The pests affecting this variety are:

  • aphid;
  • Colorado beetle;
  • spider mite;
  • slugs are naked.

To destroy these pests treat bushes with copper sulfate. Aphid infestation is fought with a solution of ash or laundry soap.

Harvesting tomato

When harvesting, you must follow these recommendations:

  • pluck the fruit necessary when staining them in a color characteristic of the variety;
  • peduncles delete;
  • spread the tomatoes in boxes;
  • for storage paper-wrap fruits;
  • layers of tomatoes sprinkle with dry sawdust or hay (this will extend the shelf life, prevent damage in transit).

Harvested fruits are used for canning, juicing, and fresh consumption for making snacks and salads.

With its unpretentiousness and abundant fruiting the Klusha variety won the love of gardeners. We recommend to please yourself and your family with excellent quality tomatoes.


The variety was bred relatively recently. But those who have already paid attention to it know why the tomato was given such a name. The reason was not at all the sluggishness of the owner of the garden. The main reason is that the name of a brood hen is a brood hen. A bush of tomatoes of this variety looks very much like a caring chicken with fluffy feathers on its wings, among which are tomato babies. Look at the photo and see for yourself:

The main characteristics of the variety:

Characteristic Description
general description Medium early, determinate, undersized variety
Preferred growing location Open ground
Description of the tomato bush Stable, standard type, spreading in width
Feature of the structure of the bush The crop is hidden under the leaves in the depths of the bush
Bush height Up to 50 cm
Stepping Not required
Fruit shape and color Rounded, red
Fruit structure Dense, fleshy, not watery
Fruit weight Up to 150 g
Ripening period From seed germination to first harvests 90-100 days
Yield 10-12 kg from 1 sq. m
Cold and disease resistance Cold and disease resistant variety
How is it used Consumed fresh, as well as for canning

Features of growing, planting and care

Sow the seeds we recommend this tomato for seedlings in 55-60 days before the intended landing in the ground. Seedlings dive - at the stage of two true leaves. When transplanting seedlings to a permanent place of 1 sq. It is recommended to place up to 5 plants per meter of the prepared area.

Further care for tomatoes consists of timely watering, removing weeds, feeding with complex mineral fertilizers and preventive measures to protect the crop from diseases and pests.


Yield

Klusha enters the fruiting phase at an early date - you can pick tomatoes from the bushes already 85 ... 95 days after germination. In one fruit of the th bunch, 6 ... 8 tomatoes are tied. The yield is considered to be quite high - 2 ... 2.5 kg / bush (with small fruits and the bush itself).

The yield per 1 m 2 of area depends on the scheme and place of planting. Due to the compactness of the bushes, plants can be planted at 5 ... 6 pieces per 1 m 2, respectively, the yield of the Klusha variety will be 10 ... 15 kg / m 2. The maximum indicator can be achieved when growing tomatoes in greenhouses.


Features of growing tomato Klusha

This variety is undemanding in care and is suitable for those gardeners who, due to their employment, cannot devote much time to working in the garden.

Planting a tomato

Klushu can be grown both by seedling method and by direct sowing into the ground. In the first case, you must first grow the seedlings, for which the seeds are sown in the second half of March. In this case, by mid-May, she will reach a suitable age for transplanting (55-60 days). By this time, the height of the plants should be 20-25 cm and they should have 5-6 true leaves.

For this variety, it is preferable to choose a two or three-line planting scheme with a distance between rows of 50 cm and an interval between plants of 40 cm, placing them in a checkerboard pattern. With this arrangement, optimal thickening will be ensured, the tomatoes will not be too crowded, and there will be practically no room for weeds. If it is planned to cover the beds with spunbond or film, then the planting scheme is adapted to the available dimensions of the arcs. With a two-line arrangement, the width of the bed will be equal to one meter, and with a three-line arrangement, one and a half meters.

If it is decided to grow tomatoes in a seedless way, then the seeds are sown in the ground in the second half of April and the beds are immediately covered.

When growing Klush tomatoes, you should pay attention to some of the nuances of caring for them.

Pruning

As already mentioned, the bushes of this tomato do not need shaping. But for better ventilation, it is necessary to remove some of the leaves. This is started when the bush is fully formed, a brush forms at the top and the fruits begin to set. At this time, they begin to trim the lower leaves to the first brush. Do this in stages, removing 1-2 leaves at a time on each bush. This operation is carried out in the morning of a clear day, so that by the evening the wounds have dried up in the sun.

The lower leaves of tomatoes should be cut to improve ventilation of the bush.

Watering and mulching

Klusha does not need frequent watering. In the first 2-3 weeks after planting seedlings in the ground, tomatoes are not watered at all - this contributes to the development of a good and strong root system... In the future, the interval between watering is observed within 5-10 days, depending on the weather. An excellent solution would be to mulch the beds with straw, which will greatly simplify the care of tomatoes in the future. This technique provides:

  • increased intervals between waterings
  • improved air supply to roots
  • weed reduction
  • protection of fruits from decay if they lie on the ground.

Mulching tomatoes with straw will protect the fruits from decay

Top dressing

If, before planting, sufficient fertilizers were applied to the soil, then Klusha does not need additional fertilizing.

Processing

In order to prevent fungal diseases, it is possible (but not necessary) to apply treatment with biofungicides (these are biological agents for combating fungi). The most popular among them is Fitosporin M Tomato. In addition to the fungicidal effect, it is also a source of foliar feeding, since it contains humic acids that increase the immunity of plants. The drug does not cause addiction (resistance) of fungi, so it can be used repeatedly. Moreover, it can be used even during the harvesting period, since it is safe for humans and animals. The recommended treatment interval is two weeks.


Planting seeds for seedlings is carried out 50-60 days before planting in a permanent place. In central Russia, this is the first half of March.

The soil for seedlings is chosen light and fertile. A mixture of turf, sand and humus works best. Seeds are embedded in moist soil 2 cm deep. Cover with cellophane and put away in a warm place. The optimum temperature for seed germination is 20-22 degrees. After the first shoots appear, the cellophane is removed, and the seedlings are moved to a sunny windowsill or under artificial lighting.

In the phase of 2-3 true leaves, picking of seedlings is carried out. After picking, it is worth feeding the seedlings with a full mineral fertilizer complex. So, the seedlings will quickly transfer stress.


Description and characteristics of Klusha tomato, reviews, photos

Medium early, determinant, undersized, unpretentious tomato for open ground. Ideal for growing in the middle lane.

sprouts of tomato kluche photo

Standard bush, up to 0.5 meters high, does not require pinching. The plant is very short and stocky in seedlings.

An interesting feature of the variety is that the tomatoes are hidden under the leaves in the depths of the bush.

Some gardeners still recommend forming a bush at least up to the first brush (this removes all lateral shoots growing below the first flower brush).

The main qualities of the fruit

watermelon-type Klushi pulp

Fruits are round, of medium density, at the stage of ripeness, red, weighing 80-150 grams, good tomato taste (with sourness). These tomatoes are versatile - suitable for both fresh consumption and canning.

Productivity of Klusha tomato: up to 2.5 kg of fruits from 1 bush (subject to agricultural technology, watering and feeding).

The Klusha tomato variety is included in the State Register for the Russian Federation for growing in open ground and under film shelters in personal subsidiary plots.

Seed producer: Siberian Garden agrofirm.

A site about tomato varieties with true gardeners' reviews - Tomatland.

When compiling the article, materials from the sites were used:


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