Every gardener strives to get the largest and highest-quality harvest, using every opportunity for this: he diligently prepares the soil for sowing, applies fertilizers to it, looks for seeds of the most productive and resistant varieties to unfavorable factors in garden pavilions and on Internet sites, trembles over each seedling , watering, loosening, poisoning beetles and collecting caterpillars ...
Today we invite you to discuss another agrotechnical technique that will increase the number and improve the quality of ripening fruits.
Some plants can oppress neighboring crops, or, on the contrary, contribute to their growth and development. There are those that are able to scare away harmful insects or extract nitrogen from the soil. Let's talk about which garden plants can be grown nearby and which cannot.
Roses and garlic coexist perfectly side by side: phytoncides and the aroma of onion culture protect roses from harmful insects.
In the photo: Roses
Marigolds are the best remedy for nematodes in a melon bed.
Zucchini and cucumbers will be reliably protected from pests if nasturtiums are planted around the perimeter of the garden.
Sweet peppers can be protected from beetles by planting amaranth between the rows.
Lupine and tobacco have a beneficial effect on each other: lupine candles become juicier and brighter, and tobacco leaves grow much faster.
In the photo: Lupine
Beans, braiding the corn, also protect it from pests.
Plant spinach and radishes in the same garden to keep them healthy and free from insects.
If you plant alissum between the rows of potatoes, the flower will collect all the beetles, and they will not spoil your harvest.
Tomatoes grown on a cabbage bed will scare away leaf-eating pests from it.
Low-growing varieties of zinnia, whose nectar has a strong aroma, will help protect cabbage from parasites.
In the photo: Zinnia
Now let's talk about plant compatibility in general:
When planning plantings, you need to take into account the properties of plants and remember that representatives of the same family growing before, after or next to them suffer from the same diseases and need the same nutrients, therefore they take them away from each other.
And if planted next to a potato field tomato or eggplant, then instead of these nightshades you will receive only an exceptional harvest of Colorado beetles and late blight as a bonus.
Garlic, and all legumes - horse beans, soy, beans, peas, chiyu - it is better to plant between rows, but it must be borne in mind that climbing crops tend to creep. If you plant curly legumes along the rows corn, problems should not arise, but on tomato beds they will braid all the bushes and can provoke the development of phytophthora.
In the photo: Arrangement of beds
It is advisable to divide the entire garden into blocks and arrange plantings of partner plants in each: on one - beets, potatoes and carrot, and greens - parsley, spinach, dill, salad and sorrel - sow in another block or between bushes melonb or watermelons, eg. Cucumbersthat take up a lot of space and require a garter, it is better to plant separately, as well as tomato, which is desirable to grow as far away from any other crop as possible.
In the photo: Creating beds
And what is very important: do not plant the same crops in one place from year to year, as this over time will lead to loss of yield, depletion of the soil and the accumulation of pathogens and pest larvae in it. When the supply of an element necessary for a plant in the soil is depleted, the roots will begin to look for a replacement for it, and it is not always safe: with a deficiency of calcium in the soil, for example, the plant begins to consume radioactive potassium 40 instead, and one can only imagine how this will affect your health. Therefore, every year, swap the cultures in places, calculating the best option for each of them.
Sections: Garden plants Flowering Garden plants Ornamental deciduous
One of the favorite winter activities of us summer residents is to sit down with a notebook, calendar and a mug of something warm to plan the site for the next year. This year, if not all, then at least the vast majority of gardeners will try to grow their vegetables. In this sense, a decorative garden will be able to unite all interests - both those who want material benefits and those who advocate order and beauty. We want to warn you to plant some flowers in the garden and next to vegetables
When you are trying to decide what to plant in your ornamental garden, always consider the unique properties of both vegetables and flowers when considering planting a companion. Make sure that basic requirements are met for all of your plants in your garden, and consider the biggest and most important factor - how much sunlight your garden gets.
Marigolds, zinnias and nasturtiums, traditional for planting with vegetables, always give amazing results. But if you want to expand the list, we suggest taking into account some points about companion plants planted in the garden.
There is such a tricky, at first glance, characteristic - "the climate of the near-trunk region of the under-crown region" Simply put, different trees under their canopy create different conditions. And in order to choose the plants that you will plant the indigenous fruit inhabitants of the site, it is important to know about these features. Here are some examples:
Not all plants can be planted next to honeysuckle, since the root system of the bush releases special substances that can harm other crops. Novice gardeners often make the mistake of planting absolutely unsuitable plants nearby. The bush does not get along well next to many pome and stone fruit, as well as fruitless crops.
Honeysuckle does not tolerate dry air, it needs high humidity
Apricot, walnut and bird cherry poison the soil around them with toxic substances that can cause serious damage to the honeysuckle bush. Rowan and spruce provide a lot of shade and take away most of its nutrients and moisture. Strawberries are fast growing and require a lot of water and feeding, which is often taken away from neighboring plants.
Planting an apple tree next to honeysuckle is possible only with a certain experience in gardening. The compatibility of these crops is not the highest; with their alternation, the soil will be overloaded, and the plants will begin to lag far behind in development.
Currant and honeysuckle are crops that have great similarities. They are distinguished by frost resistance and unpretentious care. The chemical compatibility of shrubs is quite high, so they can be planted nearby without fear of negative consequences. The neighborhood of honeysuckle with black currant will be successful, it will increase the productivity of two crops. The shrub does not get along with the red currants planted nearby.
Otherwise, all crops will suffer from a lack of nutrients in the soil.
Honeysuckle is a light-loving plant that does great next to gooseberries.
The compatibility of the two crops is quite high, which allows them to be planted side by side without any negative consequences. It is only necessary to maintain the optimal gap between the seedlings - at least 1.5 m.
Raspberries are considered a very freedom-loving culture that does not tolerate any neighbors around them. It has a powerful root system that rapidly develops and interferes with the life of the surrounding plants. However, there are cultures near which raspberries feel quite at ease. These include black currant, pear, plum and honeysuckle, as well as barberry and various types of juniper. Experienced gardeners recommend planting oats and vetch in the aisle of raspberry to enrich the soil. The combination of cereals and legumes contributes to the saturation of the soil with nitrogen and suppresses the development of weeds.
Planting cherries nearby is not a good idea.
The fruit crop is distinguished by a large number of growths and gives abundant shade.
However, experienced gardeners often plant plants next to each other without negative consequences for the berries. For this, the shrub is placed next to the trunk circle at a distance of at least 1.5-2 meters.
Blueberries like soil that is acidic, which is not the best for honeysuckle. However, the chemical composition of plants is largely identical, so you can plant them side by side if certain conditions are met. The gap between the bushes must be at least 4 meters. Otherwise, they will create a lot of obstacles to each other's development.
Since blueberries are more thermophilic, honeysuckle should be planted from the north side.
It will protect blueberries from strong winds and cold.
Planting a pear nearby is very risky, since the shrub has a depressing effect on this fruit crop. There should also be no barberry, beech and juniper near the pear, which can provoke corrosion of the root system.
Planting a blackberry next to a shrub is not recommended, since young blackberry plants require a lot of free space for full development. Planting near honeysuckle is preferable to kumanik (an upright growing variety of blackberries with harsh shoots). In the case of planting dews (a variety with creeping shoots), the neighborhood is unlikely to be successful. Therefore, before starting garden work, you should pay special attention to the choice of a blackberry variety.
Here are some more examples of bad neighborhoods:
All of these plants are sources of infection for each other, so do not plant them nearby. The safe distance for planting these trees is 250-300 m.
Thanks to the saponin contained in tomatoes, there is an intensive growth and development of nearby plants. And asparagus, planted next to tomatoes, with its secretions destroys nematodes, which infect the tomato culture.
Tomatoes get along well next to basil. It protects tomatoes from pests, promotes growth and improves the taste of fruits. Garlic planted next to tomatoes protects them from late blight and scares away spider mites. A garden with tomatoes is often planted with beans; these plants also stand well with each other. Favorable neighbors in a tomato garden can be vegetables:
Mint, calendula, sage, nettle get along well next to tomatoes. If tomatoes are planted between gooseberry bushes, they will scare off the moth and sawfly. And the tomatoes planted next to the bird cherry will be protected from the scoop.
Gardeners often practice compacted crops, planting several crops on the same bed with different ripening periods. Especially this landing is used in small areas with a lack of space. Under these conditions, tomatoes are compatible with onions, radishes and garlic, where tomato is the main crop. The ridge is 1 meter wide. Garlic is planted in the garden in two rows in the fall with a width of 15 cm between them. In early spring, onions are planted in 4 rows in the center of the ridge, radishes are placed on the sides. After May 15, the onions are harvested and tomato seedlings are planted in the garden in 2 rows with a distance of 0.5 m between them.
Early cabbage, compacted with tomatoes, grows well. Seedlings of early cabbage are planted on a well-fertilized, treated area, with a distance between the rows of 1.50 m, and between the bushes - 30-35 cm. Later, tomatoes are planted between the rows of cabbage.
When planting honeysuckle on the lawn, you need to maintain a near-trunk circle, the diameter of which must be at least one meter. Novice gardeners are often alarmed by the fact that the flowers of the shrub are bisexual. Therefore, pollination of a crop cannot take place without the participation of insects. For high yields, the plant needs cross-pollination with different varieties planted nearby. One honeysuckle bush on the site will not bear fruit.
If neighbors have honeysuckle plantings, you can get by with one bush on the site, which will definitely bear fruit
It is necessary to take a responsible approach to the choice of varietal pairs. Good cross-pollination is distinguished by the Blue Spindle with Morena and Dlinnoplodnaya with Chelyabinka.