Every summer resident dreams of growing early and tasty grapes on their site, characterized by stable yields, firmness and endurance. Timur refers precisely to such old and proven grape varieties and remains always promising despite the emergence of more modern hybrids.
Since 1936, at VNIIViV named after V.I. ME AND. Potapenko, breeding work is underway to create complex-resistant grape varieties that can withstand the harsh climate of the northern zone. Long-term selective selection has made it possible to identify more than 40 hybrid forms of grapes with extraordinary characteristics. Among them is the well-known grape variety Timur, on the creation of which a team of breeders worked under the leadership of I.A. Kostrikin.
The original name of this variety was denoted by the first letters of the parental pair: FV-2–5, where F is the Moldovan grape of Frumoasa Albe, which means White Beauty in Moldovan and V is Delight, a hybrid of the research institute's own selection. Later the variety was renamed to Timur (in Turkic it means iron). The name itself is synonymous with the resistance and endurance of the variety.
Timur is unprecedentedly immune to fungal diseases and frost, he has many virtues inherited from his parents. However, the hybrid has surpassed them in many ways and is one of the reference varieties.
The variety received its continuation in a new hybrid form, acting as a cross with Red Rapture. This is how Timur rose, with a more powerful bush and brushes, greater sugar accumulation, good transportability, but with a longer ripening period and less disease resistance. Therefore, despite the delightful pink color and the incomparable taste of berries, experienced gardeners prefer the parent, the white Timur. Although, you must admit, its clusters will adorn even the most festive table.
Timur pink has a delightful pink color
The Timur grape belongs to very early table grape varieties with a ripening period of 105-115 days. Bunches weighing 400–800 g are strewn with white berries with a yellow tint, giving off an amber sheen when fully ripe. The berries of the hybrid are nipple-shaped, weighing 6–8 g. Despite the thin, torn skin, their flesh is quite dense and crispy. The heady nutmeg aroma gives a special sophistication to the variety. Timur is ahead of parent plants in sugar accumulation (25%).
Timur's bunches can weigh up to 800 g
Collected in a cluster of light green grape flowers are bisexual, which contributes to a stable harvest of Timur due to the ability to self-pollinate. A wrinkled leaf of a rich green color, five-lobed and serrated at the edges. The variety is resistant to common fungal diseases of grapes with mildew and powdery mildew, frost resistance to -25 ° C.
Summer residents fell in love with Timur for the ease of reproduction. Grape cuttings root perfectly, and any rootstock is suitable for grafting.
Vigorous rootstocks contribute to a higher yield and better quality of bunches, but increase the ripening period of Timur's berries by almost a week.
The bushes of the variety are weak in themselves, so they are planted far from grape bushes of high vitality so that they do not drown Timur with their vigorous shoots.
The branches of perennial wood are distinguished by their fruitfulness, on each shoot there are up to 3 clusters of the correct conical shape. Berries do not spoil for a long time on the bush after ripening. Fast readiness for fruiting (in the 2nd year after planting) is another plus of this variety.
If the number of bunches is normalized, a weight of up to 2 kg can be achieved. A vine vine can additionally serve as a decoration for the landscape design of the territory, braiding arches, gazebos, and other elements of the house.
In the northern regions, Timur is grown as a covering crop.
The grapes can be planted in autumn and spring. The south or southwest side under the walls of the buildings will be the best place for this variety. Use own-rooted (propagated by cuttings) or grafted seedlings. It is possible to obtain planting material from seeds, but this method of reproduction is used extremely rarely through some difficulties: the process is very long and laborious.
For planting Timur's seedlings, loamy or sandy loam soil will be more suitable, which are fertile enough, warm and water-absorbing. In other cases, soil cultivation will be required. After all, the variety also requires a certain acidity (pH 5.5–7.0). Therefore, they try to saturate light and heavy soil with organic fertilizers, lime if necessary. In addition, in order to increase the moisture content of light soil, clay is made.
On heavy, poor soils, Timur grapes lose their taste, contain less sugar and become tart!
According to experienced gardeners, one-year-olds quickly take root and adapt to a new environment, which is important for the Central region of Russia. They can also be found on sale more often than two-year-old seedlings. The cheapest option would be to plant cuttings immediately in a permanent place, but the entry of such a vine into the fruiting phase will begin several years later.
Own-rooted seedlings have proven themselves well in areas with a not too harsh climate, grown on nutritious cultivated soil. To grow the variety in areas with severe winters with little snow, it is better to take grafted seedlings on frost-resistant and phylloxera-resistant rootstocks.
What should you pay attention to when choosing seedlings for planting?
Digging a hole for planting grapes, the top and bottom layers of the soil are separated, folding the soil into different heaps. For fertilization, use 2 buckets of rotted plant residues or manure, 200–250 g of phosphate-potassium fertilizers.
A drainage layer is laid at the bottom of the pit, which can be fine gravel, expanded clay, broken bricks (at least 15 cm). Having retreated one centimeter from the intended location of the seedling, a pipe (60–100 mm in diameter) is driven in. Later, it will become a convenient way to fertilize and water the grape bush. The first third of the pit in the form of a mound is filled with a part of the soil taken from the upper, more fertile layer, and mixed with mineral fertilizers and 1 bucket of organic matter. The mound is poured with water (20 l) and wait until it is completely absorbed. After that, the roots of the seedling are evenly distributed over the mound and directed downward so that 2–4 eyes remain on the surface. The mound is covered with the second half of the topsoil, mixed with the remaining organic matter. And, finally, they finally fill the hole with soil from the less nutritious lower layer of the dug hole, compact the soil around it well and water it abundantly again. Thus, the fertile soil will be at a sufficient depth for the root system of grapes, to which Timur is demanding.
Preparing a planting pit for grapes
Note! If the seedling is less than 40 cm, when planting, its upper part will be below the soil level. In this case, the pit is not filled up to the top, waiting for the shoots to grow.
The size of the pit on medium light soils is 60x60 cm, on light and heavy soils - 80x80 cm. The distance between seedlings should be at least 1 m, and between rows - 1.5–2.5 m.
To reduce the risk of the effect of sudden temperature fluctuations, to improve the water-air exchange of the plant root system, it will not be superfluous to huddle seedlings or mulch the planting with organic materials. For mulch, it is not recommended to use spruce needles, as they greatly increase the acidity of the soil. Some gardeners, after planting seedlings, immediately cover them with plastic bottles or other covering material to protect delicate plants from sunburn.
In the first year after planting, with normal development, the seedling has 2 shoots of about 1 m, with a diameter of 6-7 mm. If there are more shoots, in the fall their number is normalized to 2, making pruning. The growing vines are tied up, preventing them from touching the ground.
Like other grape varieties, Timur needs shaping and pruning. In the fall, no more than 10 buds are left on each fruitful vine and they make a shelter for the winter.
The best covering material for a grape bush are reed branches, spruce branches, sheets of old slate.
In the spring, while continuing to form the bush, young shoots are removed and 30 eyes are left. It is such a bush load, at which the plant will develop normally, and the berries will not lose their taste, is optimal for the variety.
The number of waterings is regulated by weather conditions. The grapes themselves will signal a lack of moisture with their drooping leaves. Most of all, a grape bush needs watering during bud opening, after flowering and when the first ovaries of berries appear. Watering is carried out manually with warm, standing water in a pipe (if available) or in a near-stem circle.
Note! At the time of flowering and ripening of berries, watering is excluded. Flowers may crumble and berries may crack!
Despite the resistance of the variety to diseases and pests, Timur is difficult to protect from damage by a grape mite. On top of the grape leaves, you can see characteristic bulges, and on the bottom - a fluff of a yellow-gray hue, which, unlike mildew, does not wear off. Therefore, seedlings should be purchased only in garden centers and specialized nurseries.
It is quite difficult to deal with grape mites. If signs of infection are found at the end of the season, you can treat the vine with chemicals containing sulfur: Karbofos, Fufanon, Tiovit-Jet, etc. (according to the instructions). At the same time, try to grab the underside of the foliage where the tick lives.
The fluff on the underside of the grape leaf indicates the presence of a tick
The Timur grape variety is time-tested and grown in all regions of the former Soviet Union, including the northern one. If you do not yet have grape bushes on the site, you will never regret choosing Timur as the standard of grape perfection.
A teacher by education. My hobby is growing flowers. I try to experiment in the selection of garden and indoor plants (irises, saintpaulias). I share my experience with the viewers of my channel on You Tube.
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